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Biking and Walking

Select Topics Below to View Resources*

*see “Shared Use Mobility” for bike sharing, real-time ride sharing, and car sharing

Biking

Bikesharing in the United States: State of the Practice and Guide to Implementation. Presents a snapshot of current municipal bikeshare systems where local jurisdictions (including cities, counties, etc.) are engaged in the funding, managing, administering and/or permitting of bikeshare implementing practices. (Federal Highway Administration, 2012).

Bikeshare Planning Guide. A comprehensive report on bike share’s history and current practice. (Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, 2013).

Estimating Bicycling and Walking for Planning and Project Development: A Guidebook This guidebook offers methods and tools to help communities better plan for use of bicycling and walking on their communities. (TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program, 2014).

Federal Highway Administration, “bicycle and pedestrian” web page. Provides resources on the topics of funding, legislation, and guidance.

How to Increase Bicycling for Daily Travel. Summarizes the available evidence about strategies for increasing bicycling levels and encouraging bicycling as a mode of transportation. Looks in depth at how improving cycling infrastructure correlates with increased cycling rates. This report also presents related policy implications. (Active Living Research, 2013)

Integrating Bikesharing with Public Transportation Webinar presents an overview of some of the key factors that agencies thinking of operating a bikesharing system should consider, such as business models, system planning, and operations.  Speakers also highlighted case studies and provide some recommendations for integrating a bikesharing system with transit. (Center for Urban Transportation Research, Univ. South Florida, 2012).

League of American Bicyclists. Organization that advocates for biking infrastructure and developing and growing the biking community.

Making First/Last Mile Connections to Transit: How Carsharing and Bikesharing Programs are Improving Connectivity.  Looks at how car sharing and bike sharing programs are improving connectivity to transit. (National Center for Mobility Management, 2013).

Manual on Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections to Transit. An FTA resource to help planners maximize safety and access to public transit resources. (Federal Transit Administration, 2017).

National Center for Bicycling and Walking. Provides technical assistance and training for communities that wish to improve and expand the opportunities for walking and biking.

The Versatility of Cycling: Programs Evolve to Respond to Diverse Customer Needs. Reviews types of bicycle programs that exist, the populations they are serving, the innovations being implemented to expand the numbers of people who bike, and the community partnerships that are making these programs happen. (National Center for Mobility Management, 2014).

Unraveling the Modal Impacts of Bikesharing. Researchers Susan Shaheen and Elliot Martin surveyed more than 10,000 bike-share riders in Montreal, Toronto, Minneapolis-Saint Paul, and Washington, DC. Like previous surveys have shown, Shaheen and Martin found that a significant number of bike-share users reduce car use. But their main focus was how bike-share affects transit use. The effect of bike-share on transit travel habits varied according to the context. As you might expect, in areas with sparse transit, bike-share offers an important “last-mile” connection. In areas with dense transit networks, bike-share serves as more of a substitute for transit, relieving crowding on packed buses and trains. (Susan Shaheen and Elliot Martin, Dec 2015).

Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center. The umbrella program for BicyclingInfo.org and WalkingInfo.org.

Perceptions of Bicycle-Friendly Policy Impacts on Accessibility to Transit Services: The First and Last Mile Bridge. Reports on research to determine the extent to which cycling as a first mile/last mile mode effectively extends the reach of transit in communities. (Mineta Transportation Institute, 2014).

Public Bikesharing in North America: Early Operator Understanding and Emerging Trends. This study examined the growth potential of bikesharing in North America on the basis of a survey of all 15 IT-based public bikesharing systems in operation in the United States and all four programs deployed in Canada as of January 2012. (Mineta Transportation Institute, 2012).

Shared Use Mobility Center. A public-interest organization working to foster collaboration in shared mobility (including bike-sharing, car-sharing, ride-sharing and more) and help connect the growing industry with transit agencies, cities and communities across the nation. Through piloting programs, conducting new research and providing advice and expertise to cities and regions, SUMC hopes to extend the benefits of shared mobility for all.

The Versatility of Cycling: Programs Evolve to Respond to Diverse Customer Needs. Reviews types of bicycle programs that exist, the populations they are serving, the innovations being implemented to expand the numbers of people who bike, and the community partnerships that are making these programs happen. (National Center for Mobility Management, 2014).

Transportation Sustainability Research Center (University of California, Berkeley). Describes bike sharing and lists bike sharing organizations in the United States and Canada.

Walking

America Walks. A national pedestrian/walkability organization with links to local and regional walking and biking advocacy groups.

Federal Highway Administration, “bicycle and pedestrian” web page. Provides resources on the topics of funding, legislation, and guidance.

National Center for Bicycling and Walking. Provides technical assistance and training for communities that wish to improve and expand the opportunities for walking and biking.

Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center. The umbrella program for BicyclingInfo.org and WalkingInfo.org.

Walk Friendly Communities. A national recognition program developed to encourage towns and cities across the United States to establish or recommit to a high priority for supporting safer walking environments; funded by private and public sources.

Complete Streets

National Complete Streets Coalition. Offers training and resources for communities to craft, pass and implement regulations, laws or executive orders that make roadways safe for multiple modes of transportation, including biking, walking and driving. Is funded by a diverse group of organizations.

Safe Routes to School National Partnership. A network of organizations, government agencies and professional groups working to set goals, share best practices, leverage infrastructure and program funding, and advance policy change to help agencies that implement Safe Routes to School programs.

Smart Growth America. An advocacy and technical assistance organization dedicated to real estate development that is centered around urban infill, transit, and complete streets.