People with Disabilities

Tactile Wayfinding in Transportation Settings for Travelers Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2024.) This report discusses the challenges and solutions related to wayfinding in transportation environments for people who are blind or visually impaired. The report emphasizes the importance of tactile information—such as tactile maps, wayfinding cues, and other physical indicators—that can help visually impaired travelers navigate transportation settings more effectively and safely.

Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about the ADA by Will Rodman. (NCMM and Will Rodman, 2023) Will Rodman, Research Scientist at Texas A&M  has answered questions about what the ADA requires, finding funding sources, exclusions, and how to handle common situations.

Examples of Mobility on Demand Policies and Public-Private Partnerships to Increase Accessibility (NCMM & SUMC) This case study offers examples of mobility on demand policies and programs that improve accessibility for individuals with disabilities.  Informed by five policies and over 20 programs at the state and local level, the report identifies innovative approaches that improve accessibility for individuals who previously have been left behind in the wake of mobility-on-demand. The examples are organized by Policies and Service Coordination & Trip Planning Programs. Each example provides an overview of how the program featured works, unique partnership qualities, and additional information.

TNCs and Disabled Access (San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency, 2019). This report identifies the opportunities and barriers that TNCs present for people with disabilities in San Francisco, how their presence impacts equal access to all modes of transportation in the City, and explores how peer transportation agencies in other cities are interacting with TNCs to try and improve access.

Engaging Students with Disabilities in Safe Routes to School (The Safe Routes to School National Partnership, 2018). This report identifies how to plan and develop a school transportation program that meets the needs of students with disabilities. This report describes strategies for including students with disabilities within Safe Routes to School, components of inclusive Safe Routes to School programming, and ways to partner and build community resources.

ACL Toolkit for Inclusive Planning (Administration for Community Living, 2017). A collection of key lessons learned and strategies for transit systems, leaders, and advocates to help them increase inclusive planning wherever they are.

Section 5310 Circular. Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities: Program Guidance and Application Instructions (Federal Transit Administration, 2014). Also view the Section 5310 Fact Sheet with FAST Act changes (2016).

Americans with Disabilities Act Guidance (FTA C 4710.1) (UPDATED) (Federal Transit Administration, 2015). Provides guidance to recipients and subrecipients of Federal Transit Administration (FTA) financial assistance necessary to carry out provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, and the U.S. Department of Transportation’s implementing regulations at 49 CFR Parts 27, 37, 38, and 39.

Accessible Pathways & Livable Communities: A Pocket Guide (Easter Seals Project Action, 2014). Contains concepts for communities to consider when improving transportation facilities, sidewalks, and routes to transit.

Checklist for Assessing the Accessibility of Transportation and Mobility (Easter Seals Project ACTION, 2013). A checklist to help community stakeholders assess the accessibility of a transit route, including the pathways to the stop/station and accessibility on-board a vehicle.

Developing Partnerships Between Transportation Agencies and the Disability and Underrepresented Communities (Transit Cooperative Research Program, Research Results Digest No. 107, 2013). Provides practitioners with a resource guide and best practices for developing productive relationships with the disability and underrepresented groups.

Wayfinding Assessment Guide (CDC Healthy Aging Research Network and Easter Seals Project ACTION, 2012). A guide to neighborhood wayfinding that describes considerations when navigating community infrastructure and facilities.

Getting to Work: Addressing the Transportation Challenge (Institute for Community Inclusion, 2012). Reviews strategies for connecting people with disabilities to transportation options to get to work.

Resource Guide for Co-Mingling ADA and Non-ADA Paratransit Riders (Transit Cooperative Research Program, Report No. 143, 2011). Explores whether and how to co-mingle ADA paratransit and non-ADA paratransit riders.

Innovative Approaches for Increasing Transportation Options for People with Disabilities in Florida (Florida Developmental Disabilities Council, 2010). A transportation feasibility study that analyzes needed systemic reform that may stimulate provider competition, customer service, better accessibility, and safety while allowing improved consumer-directed choice in regards to public transportation systems and services.

Role of Aging and Disability Resource Centers in Coordination (Technical Assistance Exchange Issue Brief, 2009). Written for ADRCs, identifies resources and stakeholders at the federal, state and local levels that can assist with the direct provision of transportation coordination services to consumers and demonstrates how ADRCs can connect with existing transportation coalitions in their communities to pursue broader changes in the transportation system.

Florida Transportation Disadvantaged Services: Return on Investment Study (Florida State University College of Business, 2008).  Reports on a study to calculate the return generated by funds invested by the state of Florida on transportation disadvantaged programs.

Related Websites One-stop online access to resources, services, and information on disability issues across the federal government.

Disability Rights Education & Defense Fund. Covers policy issues related to the implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act in transportation, including comprehensive “Topic Guides on ADA Transportation.”

National Aging and Disability Transportation Center. Has many excellent resources under "Resources and Publications," including many created by the former Easters Seals Project ACTION.

Strengthening Inclusive Transportation Partnerships to Promote Community Living. Project sponsored by the Department of Health and Human Services' Administration for Community Living to support communities nationwide in adopting sustainable, scalable, and replicable models that include participation of people with disabilities and older adults in the design and implementation of responsive, coordinated transportation systems.


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