The Transportation Security Index, a measure of transportation insecurity offers new insights into the experience of this form of material hardship.
The experience of transportation insecurity as reported on a 2018 nationally representative survey is closely linked to income level, the researchers say. More than half of people living below the poverty line experience transportation insecurity, which is higher than the rate of food insecurity among people in poverty.
The latest research found transportation insecurity is more common among Black adults (33%) and Hispanic adults (29%) than white adults (19%). Residents of urban areas (39%) are more likely to experience it compared to suburban (22%) and rural (13%) residents, and rates are higher among people who do not own a car (42%) than car owners (18%).
“Transportation security is an essential element of economic mobility, individual well-being, and understanding how to address poverty,” says Alexandra Murphy, assistant professor of sociology at the University of Michigan.